- (r. 1531-1550)Second monarch of the Toungoo (Taungoo) Dynasty, he restored the fortunes of the Burmans (Bamars) by conquering the Mon state of Hanthawaddy (modern day Pegu [Bago]) in Lower Burma in 1539, extinguishing the line of monarchs established by Wareru, and extended his realm to the south by occupying Martaban (Mottama), Moulmein (Mawlamyine), and Tavoy (Dawei). To the north, he captured Prome (Pyay) and campaigned in Upper Burma, where the Shans had occupied Ava (Inwa). Recognizing the equality of Mons and Burmans, he established Hanthawaddy as his royal capital in 1546. He sought unsuccessfully to subjugate Arakan and Siam (Thailand), and was assassinated by Mon rebels in 1550.See also Bayinnaung.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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